Translation Epoka żelazna w powiecie biłgorajskim

Iron Age in Biłgoraj county 

The final epoch in prehistory is divided into four parts: the Hallstatt period (700BC-400BC), la Tène (400BC – 1st century AD), Roman influence (200BC-375AD) and migrations period (375AD-600AD). In Biłgoraj county, during the Hallstatt period, predominant Lusatian culture was succeeded by the Pomeranian culture (Polish: kultura pomorska). Its remains were discovered near Goraj. Found on a field near Turobin, a coin minted in the 3rd millennium BC should also be associated with the Pomeranian culture.

Settlement in the area was significantly intensified during the Roman influence. The examples include a few particular archaeological sites in Chmielek, Księżpol, Zagrody and one in Biłgoraj, by the river Biała Łada. It is also documented by Roman coins dating back to the first and second millennia AD discovered in Biłgoraj, Brodziaki, Goraj, Tokary and Turobin.  Part of the treasure trove found in Biłgoraj is displayed in the Biłgoraj Region Museum in Biłgoraj. The coins, as well as excavated spearheads and spurs, support the hypothesis there might have been a trade route leading through the area back in the days.

Noticeable colonization decline around Biłgoraj might have been caused by migrations. Byzantine coin minted during the reign of emperor Justin II in the second half of the 6th century AD could be evidence of that process.

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