Translation Epoka kamienia w powiecie biłgorajskim
Stone Age in Biłgoraj county
The Stone Age is a prehistoric period divided into three time parts: Palaeolithic (from Greek: old stone), Mesolithic (middle period) and Neolithic (the New Stone Age). The oldest findings near Biłgoraj and the river Tanew basin come from villages of Wola Wielka and Pawlichy and these are flint tools from 10000 BC. Archaeological sites from Mesolithic period were also found in Wola Wielka, Harasiuki and Wólka Abramowska. During those two periods, people were primarily hunter-gatherers living in tent-like structures in temporary base camps.
A shift from food gathering to food production brought in the Neolithic period between 5200BC and 1900BC was accompanied by introduction of complex, and more importantly, permanent settlements. First such settlements confirmed by archaeological surface survey date back to the first half of the 3rd millennium BC. The Lublin-Volhynia culture people settled mainly in the river Tanew basin. They were followed by the Funnelbeaker culture settlers who chose less fertile land around Biłgoraj and villages of Panasówka and Goraj in Roztocze region 3000BC. Evidence of Globular Amphora culture tomb from mid-3rd millennium BC was excavated in Tereszpol. The youngest of Neolithic cultures was the Corded Ware one, which comprised a period between the 3rd millennium BC to early 2nd millennium BC. Flat graves were discovered near Tereszpol in Gilów and Hosznia Ambramowska. Tools documenting the Stone Age in Biłgoraj region include numerous flint lithic flakes, scrapers and polished axes, as well as stone axes with drilled shaft-holes, and flint arrowheads.