Translation Epoka brązu w powiecie biłgorajskim

Bronze Age in Biłgoraj county


The Bronze Age is divided into a few periods, from early to late Bronze Age (2200BC to 700 BC). Pottery and stone tools excavated in Wólka Abramowska, Zastawie, Kondraty and Rzeczyce document dense settlement in western Roztocze region. The area was mainly occupied by the Mierzanowice culture, also present in Różaniec and Korchów in the river Tanew basin. 

In the second half of the 2nd millennium BC the Mierzanowice culture (Polish: kultura mierzanowicka)  was being slowly replaced by the Trzciniec culture (Polish: kultura trzciniecka), whose flint tools and pottery fragments were found around Biłgoraj, Biszcza, Tarnogród, Księżpol, Goraj and Turobin. The dead were buried in graves in the form of kurgans, the remains of which can most probably be found near Józefów. The Trzciniec culture was succeeded by the Lusatian culture (Polish: kultura łużycka) around 1000BC. Surface survey near Tarnogród revealed a cemetery. Burial in the Lusatian culture was by cremation and the ashes were placed in an urn which was then burried in a flat grave.

While stone tools such as flint axes and sickles were still being used during the Bronze Age, decorative objects made from bronze were becoming more and more common. One of such objects was discovered near Turobin.

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